What is manic depressive disorder

What is Manic/Depression disorder?

Some people assume they know the symptoms of Bipolar disorder. The more accurate term is Manic Depression disorder. Although there are several forms of this disorder, each type has different symptoms, and each person will have different struggles and needs. There are four types I will summarize today.

 

Bipolar disorder 1 shows up within manic and depressive episodes.  Most people think bipolar disorder is just mood swings but that’s not always accurate. Bipolar one is better described as excitability, motivation, anxiety, and irritability. Switching to the opposite; not caring, unmotivated, slow moving, and depressed. Some times these episodes last for months before the switch, some times days, sometimes seconds. 

Type 2 depression shows in depressive and hypo-manic episodes.  Hypo mania is similar to Mania but isn’t as extreme. It’s more milder and usually only last for a few days. Unlike Mania witch can last for weeks. Also people with Hypo mania tend to have more risk taking behaviors like speeding, buying thing, and using drugs.

Cyclothymic disorder involves hypo-manic and depressive symptoms over a long period of time, at least two years. Then there is the miscellaneous type. An individual has hypomanic and depressive episode without a distinction of time like the other categories.  

As you can see all forms of bipolar disorder isn’t just quick and fast mood swings. That is sometimes a symptom but more often than not this disorder is more complicated. Please do not use bipolar as a joke for some one who’s “moody.” If you think someone you know may be experiencing symptoms like an increase in risky behavior and irritability as well as shifting to not wanting to get up in the morning and deciding they don’t want to work I suggest asking a professional about the chances of them having Bipolar disorder.

Treatments at the moment include many forms of medications and psychotherapy. It may also be helpful to track daily moods, their treatments, their sleep patterns, and life events. This can help not only the patient, but also their family, to understand and direct the illness and maybe prevent a full on episode.

                                                                                       Resources

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673613609897

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324602.php

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/conditions/cyclothymic-disorder

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